Suggested Reading


Allan, Robert, Lindesay, Janette, and David Parker 1996. El Niño Southern Oscillation and Climate Variability. pg 408.

Glantz, Michael, Richard Katz, and Maria Krenz, eds. 1987. Climate Crises: The Societal Impacts Associated with the 1982-83 Worldwide Climate Anomalies. New York: National Center for Atmospheric Research.

Excellent exploration of the worldwide climate response to the 1982 83 El Niņo event - a good resource.


Planet Earth 2: The Blue Planet. 1986. Produced by WQED Pittsburgh in association with the National Academy of Sciences. 60 min.

Centering on the oceans, including a section on El Niño.


Aceituno, Patricio. 1993. El Niño, the Southern Oscillation, and ENSO: Confusing names for a complex ocean-atmosphere interaction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 73 (April): 483-485.

A brief review of the history and nomenclature of El Niño.

Bigg, G. R. 1990. El Niño and the Southern Oscillation. Weather, 45 (January): 2-8.

An easily understood look at the workings of El Niño.

Brownlee, Shannon. 1985. Death by degrees. Discover, 6 (January): 44-46.

A scientist sleuth traces the puzzling demise of coral reefs around the world in 1983 to the unusually warm waters of El Niño (Peter Glynn).

Canby, Thomas Y. 1984. El Niño's ill wind. National Geographic, 165 (February): 144-183.

Trying to explain El Niño within the time frame of the strongest event in modern times.

Gannon, Robert. 1986. Solving the puzzle of El Niño: Is this the key to long-range weather forecasting? Popular Science, 229 (September): 82-87.

Grove, Jack S. 1984. At the heart of El Niño: Too warm waters surround the Galapagos Islands. Oceans, 17 (May-June): 3-8.

Study of how the 1982-83 El Niño affected the Galapagos Islands' ecosystem.

Monastersky, Richard. 1993. The long view of weather: Learning how to read the climate several seasons in advance. Science News, 144 (20 November): 328-330.

Includes related article on forecasting El Niño.

Oceanus. 1984. 27(2): Summer. [Entire issue is devoted to El Niño.]

Contains some excellent, general-level articles of the phenomenon and its ramifications.

Philander, S. George. 1992. El Niño. Oceanus (Summer): 56-61.

An appraisal of El Niño and its relationship to tropical oceanography by one of the major researchers in the field.

Quinn, William H., Victor T. Neal, and Santiago E. Antunez de Mayolo. 1987. El Niño occurrences over the past four and a half centuries. Journal of Geophysical Research, 92 (C13) (15 December): 14,449-14,461.

A really long look at the history of El Niño events, documenting 79 moderate to major occurrences.

Ramage, Colin S. 1986. El Niño. Scientific American, 254(June): 76 83.

Rasmusson, Eugene M., and J. Michael Hall. 1985. El Niño and variations in climate. American Scientist, 73 (March): 168-177.

A well-rounded look at the subject.

Rasmusson, Eugene M., and J. Michael Hall. 1993. El Niño: The great equatorial Pacific Ocean warming event of 1982-83. Weatherwise, 36 (August): 166-175.

Stuller, Jay. 1986. The next El Niño. Oceans, 19 (September-October): 18-23.

An overview of the 1982-83 event and the major scientific program that studies El Niño.

Thayer, Victoria G., and Richard T. Barber. 1984. At sea with El Niño. Natural History, 93 (October): 4-8.

Vogel, Shawna. 1989. Deep-rooted disturbance. Disover, 10 (July): 26-29.

El Niño: the oceanic disturbance in Peru.